DIFFERENT TYPES OF EYE SURGERY AND THEIR EFFECTIVENESS
The utilization of computer technology in medical science has been expanding during recent years. Laser eye surgery has become increasingly more popular, while non-laser procedures have also improved. Though many men and women think that LASIK is the sole kind of refractive surgery, there are actually various kinds of eye surgery for correcting vision.
Laser Eye Surgery
These processes involve using a laser to reshape the cornea to be able to enhance the eye’s ability to focus. There are lots of types of laser eye surgery, such as LASIK, LASEK, Intralense or PRK.
Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)
The surgeon removes a flap during the outer and centre of the cornea and then uses an excimer laser to remove tissue under the flap. This sort of eye surgery generally takes approximately one minute per eye.
LASEK is very similar to LASIK, except for the fact that the flap is cut only from the outer layer of the cornea (epithelium). It is used mostly for patients with thin corneas, who aren’t qualified for LASIK. It’s a newer procedure with a few drawbacks, such as more distress and slightly longer recovery period.
This sort of eye surgery is also very similar to LASIK, except that the surgeon uses an extra laser rather than a blade to make the flap in the outer layers.
This process is used to treat astigmatism, nearsightedness and mild to moderate farsightedness. A laser can be used to remove tissue from the outer layer of the cornea and proper eyesight. The surgeon does not cut any flap in the cornea. The surgery generally lasts under a minute.
Non-laser Eye Surgery
These surgical procedures involve enhancing vision by cutting into the surface of the eye, reshaping the cornea or utilizing low heating waves.
Astigmatic Keratotomy Incisions
This process can be used to correct mild astigmatism. Bulgy regions of the cornea are reshaped using a blade. Many patients experience such a treatment together with other types of eye surgery. However, it’s now less frequently used than laser eye surgery procedures, such as PRK or LASIK.
Implantable Contact Lenses
These are implantation devices used to treat severe farsightedness and nearsightedness. chirurgia refrattiva Milano is placed behind the iris, in the front of the natural lens of the eye. Unlike normal contact lenses, you can not sense them and they don’t need maintenance. The process can take from 6 to 20 minutes.
Intraocular Lenses (IOLs)
This type of eye surgery has existed for decades now and the lenses are usually implanted during a cataract operation to replace the natural lens of the eye. Years ago, these lenses utilized to help only with distance patients and vision necessary to wear glasses for close vision. However, the process was enhanced and now helps with close and intermediate vision as well.